Onyewuchi Esther chikamso
Onyewuchi Esther chikamso's blog


Onyewuchi Esther chikamso's blog


Ux Design Principles

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Onyewuchi Esther chikamso
·Jan 28, 2023·

2 min read


To understand the principles that govern UX design, it is pertinent to know what UX design is in the first place.

What is UX?

User experience (UX) according to wikipedia is how a user interacts with and experiences a product, system or service. It includes a person's perceptions of utility, ease of use, and efficiency.

What is UX design?

According to the interaction design foundation (IxDF), UX design the process design teams use to create products that provide meaningful and relevant experiences to users. UX design involves the design of the entire process of acquiring and integrating the product, including aspects of branding, design, usability and function.

Knowing what UX design means is not enough to understand what UX design is all about. To further understand the concept, it is necessary to know the principles or laws that guides it.

There are many principles that exists currently when it comes to UX design, but all these principles can be classified into 5 main principles which are as follows;

  1. Hierarchy

  2. Consistency

  3. Confirmation

  4. User Control

  5. Accessibility


Information architecture, or hierarchy, denotes the way in which you organize content across a website or app. It is an important visual design principle that designers use to show the importance of elements in a screen. To show the important information in a page, it is important to look out for these characteristics:

  • Size: elements that are larger than others

  • Colors: users tend to pay more attention to brighter colors.

  • Contrast

  • Alignment

  • Repetition

  • White space

With all these characteristics, typography and colors that best communicate to the user should be used.


Consistency in design is about making every elment in the interface look uniform. when there is consistency in design, users would learn to use your website effortlessly. It eliminates confusion. Having inconsistent interface is like trying to communicate with the user in several languages. Only the advanced users will be able to finish their tasks. Keep it simple and consistent.


This explains how many people can use an interface. This involves designing for people with various types of disabilities, such as vision, hearing, mobility, cognitive. The need of people with disabilities are considered here. It ensures they find it easy to navigate abd complete a task while using the interface.

All these principles help make design better. It makes it easier to complete a task.

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